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Online Discussion: Tracking new emerging diseases and the next pandemic

Japan: Hog Cholera (pigs)

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    Posted: September 10 2018 at 10:28am

Japan reports 1st Classical swine fever outbreak in a quarter century
by Robert Herriman
September 10, 2018

For the first time since 1992 classical swine fever (CSF) has been found in Japan. According to the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (computer translated), the outbreak was confirmed over the weekend on a farm in Gifu Prefecture.

To date, 546 hogs have been culled and a export ban has been instituted. Around 140 pigs at the farm have died from the disease, also known as hog cholera, over the past week.

Classical swine fever is a contagious, often fatal viral disease of pigs clinically characterized by high body temperature, lethargy, yellowish diarrhea, vomiting, and a purple skin discoloration of the ears, lower abdomen, and legs.

Because of the severe economic impact of CSF, outbreaks are notifiable to the OIE. CSF has the potential to cause devastating epidemics, particularly in countries free of the disease.

While clinically indistinguishable from African Swine Fever, it is caused by an unrelated DNA virus.

Also known as “hog cholera”, CSF does not affect humans even if meat from an infected animal is consumed.


[Technophobe:   Along with the African Swine Fever sweeping across China, this might help push pork prices up very high in Asia]
Absence of proof is not proof of absence.
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