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Online Discussion: Tracking new emerging diseases and the next pandemic; Now tracking the Aussie Flu.

Diabetes And Influenza: A Dangerous Combination

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arirish View Drop Down
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    Posted: November 13 2017 at 9:22am
Diabetes And Influenza: A Dangerous Combination

Nov. 14, 2017 is World Diabetes Day, the world’s largest diabetes awareness campaign that aims to unite the global diabetes community to produce a powerful voice to highlight the realities and threats of dealing with this chronic medical condition.


Diabetes is a major threat to health globally.


In the U.S., diabetes rates have almost doubled in the past two decades, from 5.5 percent in 1994 to 9.3 percent in 2012. An estimated 30.3 million people, or 9.4 percent of the U.S. population, had diabetes in 2015. The CDC projects that one in three adults could have diabetes by 2050. More than one-quarter of seniors (ages 65 and older) has diabetes (25.9 percent, or 11 million seniors). In the European region, about 60 million people have diabetes, or about 10.3 percent of men and 9.6 percent of women aged 25 years and over. In Africa, the rate of diabetes remains low, but the number of people living with diabetes has dramatically increased from 4 million in 1980 to 25 million in 2014. More than 60 percent of those with diabetes live in Asia, with nearly half in China and India combined. The Asia Pacific region has 138 million people with diabetes, and the number may increase to 201 million by 2035.


The prevalence of diabetes is increasing mostly due to increases in obesity, unhealthy eating habits and decreased physical inactivity. Globally, diabetes kills about 3.4 million people annually. WHO projects that diabetes deaths will double between 2005 and 2030.


Diabetes itself is not a major problem unless the blood glucose is uncontrolled and either rises too high or drops too low. If diabetes is not managed correctly (meaning blood glucose is not properly regulated), sufferers are likely to become progressively sick and debilitated. Over time, diabetes can damage the heart, blood vessels, kidneys, eyes and nerves. For diabetics, maintaining blood sugar levels in a normal range – not too high or too low – is a lifelong challenge. Half of people with diabetes die of cardiovascular disease (primarily heart disease and stroke), and 10-20 percent of people with diabetes die of kidney failure. Diabetes is also a major cause of blindness and lower limb amputation.


The flu can complicate diabetes.


Influenza is highly contagious, as the viruses are spread when an infected person coughs or sneezes small virus-containing droplets into the air. Influenza is a serious threat to people with all types of diabetes. People with diabetes are twice as likely to die from heart disease or stroke as people without diabetes and six times more likely to be hospitalized. People with diabetes are generally at a greater risk if they catch the flu, as it can pose significant difficulties with diabetes management.


Flu infection can cause changes in the blood sugar and prevent people with diabetes from eating properly, which further affects blood glucose. Moreover, diabetes can make the immune system less able to fight infections. Diabetes patients with flu face very serious health risks such as ketoacidosis (condition when the body cannot use sugar as a fuel source because there is no insulin or not enough insulin) and Hyperosmolar Hyperglycaemic State (HHS).


Vaccination is the best protection during the flu season.


Flu season occurs during the cold half of the year in each hemisphere. The CDC recommends that all people who are six months and older get a flu vaccine. Flu shots are approved for use in people with diabetes and other health conditions. People who work with or live with diabetics should also be immunized to avoid spreading the flu. The flu shot has a long, established safety record in people with diabetes. A dangerous complication of the flu is pneumonia and diabetics are also at increased risk of developing pneumococcal pneumonia because of the flu, so the pneumococcal vaccination is also recommended. In addition to getting the flu vaccine and the pneumococcal vaccine, people with diabetes should take everyday precautions for protecting against the flu.


What to do when you have diabetes and the flu.


Diabetics who get the flu should ask their doctors about prescription antiviral medications that can ease symptoms and shorten the duration of the illness. For best results, antivirals should be taken within 48 hours of the onset of flu symptoms. Over-the-counter medications can help patients feel better; however, they do not lessen flu infection or its consequences. It is also important to check blood glucose levels every two to four hours and record the readings. The doctor should be notified if the blood sugar remains high or gets too low. People with Type 1 diabetes who feel sick and have a blood glucose level over 250 mg/dl should test for ketones in the urine. If left untreated, excessive ketones can result in ketoacidosis. Diabetics who are sick often think they should not take their medications because it will cause their blood glucose to go low. However, this is not the case – because of the presence of stress hormones, they need their usual medicine and may sometimes even need more. Furthermore, it is also important for people with diabetes to avoid dehydration.


https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/diabetes-influenza-a-dangerous-combination_us_5a0909dde4b0cc46c52e6bde
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Yyyyyyyyyyyy Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: December 03 2017 at 1:15pm
This influenza vaccine is only 10% effective over the years against the dominant H3N2 strain

This year the flu spreads rapidly

To understand how the influenza season will look in the US, scientists such as Schaffner observe what is happening in Australia, where both the flu and winter are wintering, and the Americans are having summer. In the summer of 2017, influenza was diagnosed in a larger number of Australians than in the previous season - 168.337 versus 91 000 - with prevalence of H3N2.

How effective is the vaccine against the flu of 2017?

Unfortunately, the flu vaccine in Australia, which is the same available this fall and in the winter in the United States, was only effective by 10 percent to prevent the disease from H3N2.

"Usually in years when the prevailing strain is H3N2, there are more hospitalizations, more serious diseases, and people tend to get sick," said Dr. Michael Eason, professor of infectious diseases and organ transplantation at the Feinberg School of Medicine in the Northwest university.
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (1) Thanks(1)   Quote jacksdad Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: December 03 2017 at 2:19pm
Rishat - behave yourself. If you try to post about your super-immunity again, it will be deleted immediately. I've personally banned four of your usernames in the past week for posting the same thing over and over, and I'm sure the other moderators have been doing the same. Don't waste our time or yours. 



"Buy it cheap. Stack it deep"
"Any community that fails to prepare, with the expectation that the federal government will come to the rescue, will be tragically wrong." Michael Leavitt, HHS Secretary.
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Yyyyyyyyyyyy Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: December 14 2017 at 6:19am
Seven states reported widespread influenza activity
This year, experts found nearly 10,000 confirmed cases of influenza.
This time last year, no state has reported widespread influenza activity with only 42 confirmed cases.


Mother received the flu from her
children - and was dead in two days


December 11, 2017
The CDC reports that about 750,000 people in the United States have contracted the flu.
The vaccine is effective at 10%
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote arirish Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: December 26 2017 at 7:13pm
JD - Please feel free to delete this thread! It's the merciful thing to do!
Thanks!
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote jacksdad Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: December 27 2017 at 10:25am
Worthwhile thread, arirish. Cleaned it up for you

"Buy it cheap. Stack it deep"
"Any community that fails to prepare, with the expectation that the federal government will come to the rescue, will be tragically wrong." Michael Leavitt, HHS Secretary.
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Vvvvvvvvvb Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: December 27 2017 at 11:39am
correspondence with you is terminated
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote jacksdad Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: December 27 2017 at 8:24pm
Probably not.


"Buy it cheap. Stack it deep"
"Any community that fails to prepare, with the expectation that the federal government will come to the rescue, will be tragically wrong." Michael Leavitt, HHS Secretary.
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Technophobe Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: December 28 2017 at 7:08am
We can dream, JD.
Absence of proof is not proof of absence.
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote jacksdad Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: December 28 2017 at 8:30am
We can indeed...

"Buy it cheap. Stack it deep"
"Any community that fails to prepare, with the expectation that the federal government will come to the rescue, will be tragically wrong." Michael Leavitt, HHS Secretary.
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote CRS, DrPH Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: December 28 2017 at 8:54am
Originally posted by jacksdad jacksdad wrote:

Rishat - behave yourself. If you try to post about your super-immunity again, it will be deleted immediately. I've personally banned four of your usernames in the past week for posting the same thing over and over, and I'm sure the other moderators have been doing the same. Don't waste our time or yours. 




Good luck, JD!!  Clap
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote arirish Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: December 28 2017 at 9:45pm
Thanks JD! I try to post serious news (most of the time!)Though not always successful, I try to corroborate the articles I post! I know people come here for information like I originally did and I hope my posts are helpful and informative! I know I've said this before but thanks to you and all the moderators for keeping this forum open and free! I would not have your patience!
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Ffffgggg Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: December 29 2017 at 9:49am
I still end the correspondence with you. You delete all my articles
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote jacksdad Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: December 29 2017 at 11:04am
That didn't last long.

"Buy it cheap. Stack it deep"
"Any community that fails to prepare, with the expectation that the federal government will come to the rescue, will be tragically wrong." Michael Leavitt, HHS Secretary.
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote jacksdad Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: December 29 2017 at 11:11am
Rishat - please try to understand that none of us can help you, and we're not going to visit you. We've told you this many times and you won't listen. Please stop wasting your time by posting the same thing again and again.

"Buy it cheap. Stack it deep"
"Any community that fails to prepare, with the expectation that the federal government will come to the rescue, will be tragically wrong." Michael Leavitt, HHS Secretary.
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Gggggyyyyy Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: December 29 2017 at 12:10pm
I do not need to visit. My case will be considered
the city prosecutor of Almetyevsk
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote jacksdad Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: December 29 2017 at 12:42pm
Seriously Rishat - we cannot help you. Try to understand that you are asking the wrong people. You're just wasting your time and ours.

"Buy it cheap. Stack it deep"
"Any community that fails to prepare, with the expectation that the federal government will come to the rescue, will be tragically wrong." Michael Leavitt, HHS Secretary.
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Gggggyyyyy Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: December 29 2017 at 10:39pm
And why should I write to you You still delete all my articles.
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote jacksdad Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: December 30 2017 at 1:32pm
The ones where you try to sell us on your super-immunity always get deleted - you know this but you keep posting them. And when you push it too hard again, one of the moderators bans you and all the posts associated with that particular identity-of-the-day disappear.

"Buy it cheap. Stack it deep"
"Any community that fails to prepare, with the expectation that the federal government will come to the rescue, will be tragically wrong." Michael Leavitt, HHS Secretary.
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (1) Thanks(1)   Quote Technophobe Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: December 30 2017 at 3:09pm
What he said, Rishat; I say again.

Give it up and give us all a rest - yourself included.  Our position will not change.
Absence of proof is not proof of absence.
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