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Online Discussion: Tracking new emerging diseases and the next pandemic; Now tracking the Wuhan Coronavirus COVID-19

France: Rift Valley Fever

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    Posted: March 09 2019 at 11:20am
Rapid risk assessment: Rift Valley fever outbreak in Mayotte, France

surveillance report
8 Mar 2019

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Rift Valley fever outbreak in Mayotte, France –
7 March 2019. Stockholm: ECDC; 2019.
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This rapid risk assessment (RRA) addresses the risk of importation of Rift Valley fever (RVF) virus (RVFV) and further spread of the virus within the European Union/European Economic Area (EU/EEA) in relation to the recent increase in cases reported on Mayotte, France.
Executive summary

The current outbreak in Mayotte probably poses a very low risk for EU/EEA countries in terms of introduction of RVF through the animal trade as imports into the continental part of the EU of live animals and their meat and milk from Mayotte are probably very rare, due to the distance. Should the virus be introduced into continental EU/EEA countries through imported infected animals from an RVF area in Africa, the likelihood of further vector-borne transmission among animals remains very low during the winter season due to the low-level abundance and activity of competent mosquito vector populations in continental EU/EEA countries, although it cannot be excluded. Similarly, another risk that cannot be excluded could be the illegal transport of fresh meat and unpasteurised milk and untreated products from infected ruminants in personal luggage.


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