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Online Discussion: Tracking new emerging diseases and the next pandemic since 2005; Coronavirus COVID-19 Pandemic Discussion Forum.

Masks protect others, but not user

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EdwinSm, View Drop Down
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    Posted: May 15 2020 at 4:04am

A Finnish study, that seems to point out a lot the Dr here has been saying, 

*  masks slow progress of virus, but cannot eliminate its spread. 

* a fabric mask does not protect the wearer from coronavirus, but can help to protect other people.

* the wearer of a fabric mask is several times more likely to contract the virus compared with a person wearing professional protective equipment. 

* the ability of a cotton mask to filter particles is around 20-30 % while a polyester mask’s filtration rate is about 40-50%.


Quote The study by Finland's Technical Research Centre suggests masks slow progress of virus, but cannot eliminate its spread.

A research study into the effectiveness of masks by the Technical Research Centre of Finland (VTT) has concluded that a fabric mask does not protect the wearer from coronavirus, but can help to protect other people.

Researchers also found that the wearer of a fabric mask is several times more likely to contract the virus compared with a person wearing professional protective equipment.

Although the daily wearing of masks will not eliminate the possibility of becoming infected, they can help to reduce the overall number of infections, according to VTT's research professor Ali Harlin

"Masks can be an additional aid in the attempts to open up society again, but they alone are not the answer," Harlin said. "In addition, good hand hygiene, general caution and an understanding of how to use masks are also required."

According to Harlin, people can continue to protect themselves by keeping a suitable distance from others, but in busy or cramped public spaces such as waiting rooms, public transport or shopping queues, masks can be important in containing the spread of the virus.

"It definitely helps that we do not unknowingly infect each other. When we talk, we eject droplets, and when we cough, we eject a lot of droplets," Harlin explained. "The virus travels on these droplets but the mask can stop or slow their progress."

Polyester better than cotton

VTT's study also tested polyester and cotton masks to determine which material was better at filtering viral particles, and concluded that polyester is a better option than cotton due to its water-resistance.

Based on the results of VTT’s study, the ability of a cotton mask to filter particles is around 20-30 percent while a polyester mask’s filtration rate is about 40-50 percent.

"It would be better to use polyester instead of cotton for two reasons: cotton gets wet and it would seem that cotton fabric would not have as good filtration values as polyester fabrics," Harlin explained, but warned that people should make individual choices about the type of mask they wear.

"It is also important to choose a mask which does not suppress or interfere with breathing," Harlin said. "There are people who should not wear a mask at all and they must therefore put other precautions in place."

https://yle.fi/uutiset/osasto/news/vtt_masks_protect_others_but_not_user/11352990

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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Technophobe Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: May 15 2020 at 4:44am

I have been saying this all along.

Wear an 'ordinary' mask out of politeness and an FFP3/N95 for yourself - with a second cover over the valve if it has one, for other people.

Nice to see a proper study to confirm it.

ERCD
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